(i) The teaching staff of schools under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education or the Superintendent of Public Instruction. ARTICLE 1. Microsoft Edge. The Legislature shall enact laws that define earned income. Procedures and Requirements for All Assessments. Revenues allocated pursuant to Section 3 may not be expended for the purposes specified in subdivision (b) of Section 1, except for research and planning, until such use is approved by a majority of the votes cast on the proposition authorizing such use of such revenues in an election held throughout the county or counties, or a specified area of a county or counties, within which the revenues are to be expended. 31. (i)The teaching staff of schools under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education or the Superintendent of Public Instruction. THE SEAL OF THE SENATE . SEC. subdivision (c) of Section 12 (l)Officers and employees of district agricultural associations employed less than 6 months in a calendar year. It was rewritten from scratch several times before the drafting of the current 1879 constitution, which has itself been amended or revised (see below). Sec. No assessment shall be imposed on any parcel which exceeds the reasonable cost of the proportional special benefit conferred on that parcel. Section 2 (a) A United States citizen 18 years of age and resident in this State may vote. If a court determines that the Constitution of the United States or other federal law requires otherwise, the assessment shall not be imposed unless approved by a two-thirds vote of the electorate in the district in addition to being approved by the property owners as required by subdivision (e). Instead, it's a grant of legislative authority. (c)The Legislature may not provide retirement benefits based on any portion of a monthly salary in excess of five hundred dollars ($500) paid to any Member of the Legislature unless the Member receives the greater amount while serving as a Member in the Legislature. Section 3 – The Senate. Some recent amendments have included a change to California’s Term Limits law through the passage of Proposition 28 (2012), the California Legislature It is important to note that our state Constitution is a living document. What does "conflict of interest" - Answered by a verified Lawyer Laws setting the salaries of judges shall not constitute an obligation of contract pursuant to Section 9 of Article I or any other provision of law. Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select. Californiaâs Constitution was first adopted in 1849, just prior to California becoming a state in 1850. (a)A governing body of 5 or more members, elected (1) by district or, (2) at large, or (3) at large, with a requirement that they reside in a district. If the governing body of each affected county concurs, the Legislature may provide that one or more judges serve more than one superior court. Article I. Monitoring Student Fees, Donations, and Fundraising Guidelines Compliance. ... (The entire section contains 4 answers and 947 words.) 4. The Legislature may prescribe increases in those salaries during a term of office, and it may terminate prospective increases in those salaries at any time during a term of office, but it shall not reduce the salary of a judge during a term of office below the highest level paid during that term of office. SEC. For more detailed codes research information, including annotations and citations, please visit Westlaw. However, earned income does not include any community property interest in the income of a spouse. Pursuant to the state constitution, the California State Legislature and the Governor have enacted the California Statutes, which in turn have been codified into the 29 California Codes.The first four codes, enacted in 1872, were the Civil Code, the Code of Civil Procedure, the Penal Code, and the Political Code (which much later would become the Elections Code). The California Constitution also expressly mentions term limits and criticizes the idea of "career politicians." At the public hearing, the agency shall consider all protests against the proposed assessment and tabulate the ballots. Use this page to navigate to all sections within the Constitution of the State of California 1879. Charter counties are subject to statutes that relate to apportioning population of governing body districts. The use of all water now appropriated, or that may hereafter be appropriated, for sale, rental, or distribution, is hereby declared to be a public use, and subject to the regulation and control of the State, in the manner to be prescribed by law. A person is not incompetent to be a witness or juror because of his or her opinions on religious beliefs. The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record. The Chief Justice shall assign judges to the appellate division for specified terms pursuant to rules, not inconsistent with statute, adopted by the Judicial Council to promote the independence of the appellate division. The duration of any such change shall be as determined by said electors, but shall in no event exceed four years from the most recent vote of said electors creating or continuing such change. (g) A deputy or employee selected by each officer, except members of boards and commissions, exempted under Section 4(f). No provision of this Constitution, including but not limited to, Section 1 of Article XVI and Section 14 of Article XI, shall be construed as a limitation upon the authority granted to the Legislature by this section. Powers of government. County charters shall provide for: 1. A Member may not receive travel and living expenses during the times that the Legislature is in recess for more than three calendar days, unless the Member is traveling to or from, or is in attendance at, any meeting of a committee of which he or she is a member, or a meeting, conference, or other legislative function or responsibility as authorized by the rules of the house of which he or she is a member, which is held at a location at least 20 miles from his or her place of residence. Sec. 10. Nothing contained herein shall be taken or construed to impair or render ineffectual in any measure the creation and existence of the industrial accident commission of this State or the state compensation insurance fund, the creation and existence of which, with all the functions vested in them, are hereby ratified and confirmed. If provisions of 2 or more measures approved at the same election conflict, those of the measure receiving the highest affirmative vote shall prevail. Amendment to the California Constitution, Section 4(b) of Article IV Author: CAL DOJ Subject: Amendment to the California Constitution, Section 4(b) of Article IV Keywords: Amendment,to,the,California,Constitution,Section,4(b),of,Article IV Created Date: 3/12/2007 1:00:35 PM No individual, partnership, or corporation, claiming or possessing the frontage or tidal lands of a harbor, bay, inlet, estuary, or other navigable water in this State, shall be permitted to exclude the right of way to such water whenever it is required for any public purpose, nor to destroy or obstruct the free navigation of such water; and the Legislature shall enact such laws as will give the most liberal construction to this provision, so that access to the navigable waters of this State shall be always attainable for the people thereof. Any Member who knowingly receives any salary, wages, commissions, or other similar earned income from a lobbyist employer, as defined by the Political Reform Act of 1974, may not, for a period of one year following its receipt, vote upon or make, participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her official position to influence an action or decision before the Legislature, other than an action or decision involving a bill described in subdivision (c) of Section 12 of this article, which he or she knows, or has reason to know, would have a direct and significant financial impact on the lobbyist employer and would not impact the public generally or a significant segment of the public in a similar manner. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. California Constitution of 1879, prior to any amendments SEC. This section does not affect counties and cities whose charters provide for recall. The constitution has undergone numerous changes since its original drafting. All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. Article XVI, Section 6, California Constitution The Legislature shall have no power to give or to lend, or to authorize the giving or lending, of the credit of the State, or of any county, city and county, city, township or other political corporation or subdivision of the State now existing, or that may be hereafter established, in aid If a county charter provides for the Legislature to prescribe the salary of the governing body, such compensation shall be prescribed by the governing body by ordinance. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and 6 associate justices. A day of Independence will be declared to declare our intent to separate from the State of California following the provisions of Article 4 Section 3 of the United States Constitution. The Legislature shall prohibit improper practices that affect elections and shall provide for the disqualification of electors while mentally incompetent or imprisoned or on parole for the conviction of a felony. ARTICLE X WATER [SECTION 4] ( Article 10 added June 8, 1976, by Prop. A proposed amendment or revision shall be submitted to the electors and if approved by a majority of votes thereon takes effect the day after the election unless the measure provides otherwise. The commission may fix rates and establish rules for the transportation of passengers and property by transportation companies, prohibit discrimination, and award reparation for the exaction of unreasonable, excessive, or discriminatory charges. (h)Charter counties shall have all the powers that are provided by this Constitution or by statute for counties. Search California Codes. The Supreme Court, courts of appeal, superior courts, and their divided into three distinct departments, and each of them confided . (d)Real property not used for commercial purposes that is reasonably and necessarily required for parking vehicles of persons worshipping on land exempt by Section 3(f). 4. The Legislature shall have the power to insure or guarantee loans made by private or public lenders to nonprofit corporations and public agencies, the proceeds of which are to be used for the construction, expansion, enlargement, improvement, renovation or repair of any public or nonprofit hospital, hospital facility, or extended care facility, facility for the treatment of mental illness, or all of them, including any outpatient facility and any other facility useful and convenient in the operation of the hospital and any original equipment for any such hospital or facility, or both. Article 4 Section 4 of the United States Constitution. (m)In addition to positions exempted by other provisions of this section, the Attorney General may appoint or employ six deputies or employees, the Public Utilities Commission may appoint or employ one deputy or employee, and the Legislative Counsel may appoint or employ two deputies or employees. Amendment 14: Section 4 Text of Constitution: The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. (b)All assessments shall be supported by a detailed engineer’s report prepared by a registered professional engineer certified by the State of California. Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers. The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. When computing the retirement allowance of a Member who serves in the Legislature during the term commencing in 1967 or later, allowance may be made for increases in cost of living if so provided by statute, but only with respect to increases in the cost of living occurring after retirement of the Member. 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